A provisional patent in India is a temporary, initial step toward patent protection. It allows inventors to secure a priority date for their invention without filing a complete patent application. This means they can establish their ownership and innovation rights while further developing their invention. A provisional patent application typically includes a detailed description, drawings, and specifications of the invention. It provides a 12-month window during which inventors can file a complete patent application. Filing a provisional patent offers legal protection and safeguards against potential intellectual property theft while allowing inventors time to refine their invention before pursuing full patent registration.